Jonah Birch is Visiting Assistant Professor of Sociology at Appalachian State University. He has written extensively on the history of Europe's social-democratic left, as well as the transformation of social and economic policies since the 1970's.

February 20, 2021


Fran├žois Mitterrand’s Austerity Turn

The rise and fall of the French Road to socialism.

The history of French socialism is filled with famous and heroic dates: 1789; 1848; 1871 1936; 1968. But less well remembered is another date of great significance: 1981. It was in May of that year that the French left achieved…